In summer, the sun, the wind and bathing in the beach or pool dry out the hair, sometimes irritate the scalp and change the colorations, which represents a small problem for women who do not want to stop bathing or playing sports. , but at the same time they want to keep a good hairstyle. In anticipation of all these inconveniences, I advise you to do the permanent four or five weeks before going on vacation so that the hair does not curl with the water but keeps the ends flexible. It is essential to protect the hair from the sun, which burns it and dries it out. Even the apparent improvement in greasy hair is limited and superficial; with a hat, scarf or just getting into the shade. In any case, it should never be left to dry in the sun or after a bath on the beach or a head wash, because the strong heat breaks the fibers and makes them brittle and impossible to comb.
The care of the hair in the summer season should also include light brushing, lock by lock, with a special brush for this use, smeared with a little greasy cream. For washing, a mild, non-detergent shampoo must be used (the hair is both more fragile and less dirty than in the city), oiled, with proteins or even a children's shampoo. After washing, the hair should be half-dried with a towel and then once marked, finish drying it with a hand dryer or case set at a low temperature. In summer care is not practical and is harmful to the hair; it is preferable to maintain the hairstyle by means of a light glitter, a lanolin cream or an alcohol-free lacquer. Finally, during the holiday period, soak the scalp two or three times with oil and massage it lightly.
Massage is considered by many dermatologists as an essential care of hair hygiene, it prevents all the conditions of the scalp favored by poor circulation; it activates the circulation in the follicles where the hair that grows with more vigor is inserted and frees the scalp from the adhesions that are fixed in the skull and block the terminations of the nerves and vessels. It would be very convenient to do a daily massage, for example when reading you can lean your elbows on the table, cross your fingers over your head and with the palm of your hands move the scalp in all directions, since it should be and not the fingers that move on the cranial box. We should not be afraid of spoiling the hairstyle since it does not fall apart at the roots.
Salt water does not spoil hair, because thanks to its richness in iodine and mineral salts it fortifies them and even improves greasy hair although it can dry out very dry ones. However, as it is very sticky, it adheres to oily hair (not bathing without a cap or getting grease before bathing) and this prolonged deposit of salt could tarnish the hair and sensitize the scalp. To avoid this, it is necessary to rinse after bathing with shower water; do not forget that abundant showers with tap water are useless if it is hard and calcareous, it is preferable to use 1 Lt of water that will be passed along the hair with a cotton ball or will be poured over the head with a jug . After bathing, you have to brush your hair just as if it were dry, taming it with the brush in the way you want to avoid drying it out in disorder, you can also put three or four curlers at any critical point under the cap or without any discomfort. Better to use an airtight hat with double thickness and if it is necessary to return from the beach without taking it off, in a convertible car, by boat or whenever it is exposed to a strong wind. It is advisable to hold the hair with a head scarf, but without crushing it.
To slow down the market, you can dry clean and touch up with tweezers; the best way to be well combed is to wear the hair very short or quite long since the first ones are kept without the need for marking, it is enough to dry them directly with warm air in one direction and in the other, fluffing them with your fingers; and the latter can be braided, tied into a bow or tied in a ponytail. Perhaps the most uncomfortable for summer is semi-long hair almost impossible to keep well groomed, especially if you try to wear loose loops that need frequent touch-ups. The best advice I can give is to leave your hair straight with its natural fall, avoiding only the stray locks that can be held in place with a bobby pin.
I can say that the sun does not influence dyes at all, but it acts in the same sense as bleach (it oxidizes hair), reinforcing its action, so reddish hair turns yellow, chestnut tones turn gray, etc.; However, the unpredictable effect of the sun sometimes represents an improvement and as bleaching agents by reducing the scales of the hair protect it, there is no problem in bleaching as usual although softening the tone a bit and with a little more anti-redness in the hair mixture. Although women have dyed their hair since ancient times, traces of henna and coloring compounds were found in Egypt, it is now when the use of dyes has become widespread, one in four women modify the color of our hair; This is greatly influenced by the evolution of customs, but even more technical progress due to the considerable progress of this, there is now a full range of colorants that provide increasingly natural and varied shades of simple application and without any danger for hair health.
To obtain this type of colors, a hair lightener is taken, which is also called tint or tint reinforcement; these preparations last a few days from one to the other, and in general change the natural or acquired color, are used to beautify or make the tone more personal and give it a new reflection, revive the color between two dyes, revive the too matt natural tone, correct the acquired tone with a dye, disguise the yellow or reddish reflections of a discoloration, restore the natural color to hair clarified by air and sun, remove the yellow tone from gray hair and give it a gray tint. After washing the hair and separating it into strands, apply the clarifier with a brush to the roots and wait for the minutes indicated in the package leaflet, after this time the rest of the liquid is poured onto the hair and spread with the comb to finish. That all hair is discolored; when it has taken too much color (it usually happens with discolored hair) it must be rinsed to stop the action of the dye, but if, on the contrary, you want to achieve a fixed tone, it is not necessary to clarify. Once this operation is finished, the edges are cleaned with a cotton wool impregnated with lotion and the excess humidity is dried with a towel; such a rinse when done properly should not stain pillows or run in rain or sweat.
Apart from certain specific cases, hair color is usually changed in order to be fashionable or to treat yourself. When starting with a rinse, there is no risk in case the test is not convincing, it should be known that on the eve of a dye, you should not apply greasy substances to the hair because the dye would not fix well, in which case it would be necessary carry out excessive oxygenation or previously wash, which is necessary to avoid. Hair should not be washed or brushed before discoloration, since the sebum that protects it or isolates it from the products would be removed from the scalp; mixes must be made in a porcelain or glass container, the metal could give off metallic particles that would form harmful combinations with the dyes for the hair. Rubber gloves should be used to stain, the dyes dry the hands and if the nails are stained with dye they are more difficult to clean; Before giving the darkening shampoo, a fatty cream should be spread on the face so that the spots left by the dye can be easily removed, it is necessary to prevent the dye from falling on the skin because it can produce white spots, sometimes it is enough to re-dye the roots which will be done with a brush and lock by lock from the forehead; This prevents the most sensitive part of the hair from suffering unnecessarily (the ends are more delicate due to the remains of the perm from previous dyeing’s) a dye should never be used on the eve of the period because it changes the state of the scalp and modifies the chemical reaction.
We must treat very carefully the dyed hair and even more the bleached because they are drier and more fragile. They should be brushed and combed abruptly, it is necessary to use a mild shampoo without chemical detergents and light lacquers; we have to protect ourselves from the sun and from salty or chlorinated water because they dry out and modify their color, you should make the permanent with weak and softened liquids, with oils at least 15 days before coloring (also the permanent can modify the tone of the hair), the dyes give consistency to fine hair, smooth curly hair a bit and dry out the greasy. They only spoil the hair in the event that they are misused or abused.
We should not use when we have damaged hair (chopped, burned) that is very dry or that falls out in abundance if the hair is too fine; in case of acute or chronic kidney disease, pregnancy, psoriasis and in the six months following delivery. If allergic reactions have occurred after a test or previous staining, discoloration does not cause intolerance if you have an idea of permanent perming and can be used when staining is not allowed. Often many girls in order to entertain themselves bleach their hair with hydrogen peroxide, but soon the disappointment arises when they see the yellowish or reddish color that has remained after so much effort. Discoloration is not a girl's game, on the contrary it is a very difficult operation to achieve and control; its purpose is to lighten the natural tone of the hair, either to give it a lighter appearance or as a preparation for coloring. To carry out this operation, we oxidize the pigments (dyes) of the hair.
These pigments are of two kinds: some granules whose color varies from light brown to deep black, and others diffuse ranging from very pale yellow to reddish brown. An excessive discoloration dissolves and eliminates all the pigments, causing then the yellowish, reddish and orange reflections; total destruction is necessary to achieve the platinum tone, oxygen is required to obtain oxidation and therefore the applied product must begin to decompose in the hair itself. For this, hydrogen peroxide solutions are used, but since it works very slowly (for it to discolor two tones we should have it applied overnight, which would damage the hair) it is necessary to mix it at the time of use with an alkaline solution in order to accelerate its action for example hydrogen peroxide (40 cc) of volume 20 and ammonia (7 cc) at 20%. If the mixture is very fluid, it can be run on the already discolored areas, but this is avoided by creams mixed at the time of use with the ammonia, although they are more difficult to dose, they contain softening products to obtain a discoloration of a three tone. That the mixture is applied for about 20 minutes; this time can vary depending on the volume of the hydrogen peroxide, it is useless to prolong the application time because if the hydrogen peroxide is partially decomposed it hardly acts. Putting ammonia in excess because the rinse does not become more pronounced, but the hair not only takes on a reddish reflection but can also cause irritation.
Bleaching shampoos, a mixture of foaming detergents and a certain proportion of hydrogen peroxide, can reduce the shade by 1 or 2 shades. If you are going to bleach, you should bear in mind not to wash your head with shampoo beforehand, because if the hair is not greasy, in addition to smearing the mixture the scalp is left unprotected; do not apply the product on the already discolored parts because the hair would become too sensitive to start with the tips where the application time should be longer, the part near the root discolors more easily (the heat of the scalp accelerates oxidation) do not try to activate the action of very active mixtures because the keratin would be altered and the scalp would be irritated. After bleaching, use a mild, acidic shampoo with little detergent. It is not necessary to give strong massages because the hair has already been cleaned with hydrogen peroxide; the hair remains fragile because due to oxidation some proteins are altered and then removed with the rinse water. The acid shampoo precipitates and fixes them; the discoloration modifies the hair by breaking certain desulfurized bridges and degrading the keratin.
The mechanical properties of bleached hair change and become less shiny, drier and rougher to the touch, more porous, retains more water and dries more slowly; less solid its breaking load decreases (50 g) and increases its elasticity, more docile to absorb dyes if the coloration is not homogeneous stains come out, easier to take the permanents so you should use soft liquids adapted to the degree of discoloration , the most difficult fading to perform than a discoloration is to lighten or remove the previous colorations. We must use very active bleaching blends, hair sensitizers and more flattering shades are usually obtained, a new coloring must be done immediately.
If you decide to change your hair color, you should do it in a progressive way so that the people around you are not too surprised nor are you. You can start with a lightening or a reflection and then continue with the discoloration of medium in half tone to brighten up the most neutral tone such as medium brown, except in exceptions with half tone or one tone; In order to get an idea, you can go to a department store and try on wigs of different colors, you should never choose shades darker than your own because black hardens the features and ages, and even those people whose hair was previously dark. On the other hand, if the head has little hair, the black color of this will contribute to making the scalp more transparent.
For a long time dried powdered henna leaves and ground in hot water were used as colorants. This poultice applied before rinsing the hair for 30 or 40 minutes gives a mahogany chestnut color or rather orange chestnut, to dark and carrot red hair, to light or white ones; these shades are generally very unflattering, the henna is harmless but instead it is difficult to prepare and complicated for its application, sometimes indigo is usually mixed in order to achieve a brown or black color, however all these methods are overcome the same that the use of walnut (walnut bark) or tree bark; people who are allergic to chemical dyes or have very dry or weak hair should use certain relatively active plants as long as they are concentrated for blondes I recommend Ceylon tea (1 sachet per cup), for brunettes a very infusion strong ivy leaves (large number of leaves boiled in little water) and for which a strong cooking of German chamomile (125 g per liter) begins to gray.